Oil is the driving force of the engine, and without it, the engine przegrzałby took himself destroyed in a very short time. There are three main functions that the oil complies with the inside of the motor to provide stable operation during the year: lubrication, cooling and removal of contaminants.
Inside the engine is full of moving metal parts that work in millimeters from each other. If these metal parts shall be in contact, the mutual will cause significant damage. Without fine particles of oil separating the parts of their lubricating fluids and reduces friction can happen a few things. Metal parts can heat up and distort, causing the hit. Metal shavings may face to another in a process called jamming. The piston could even get stuck in the hole of the cylinder, which causes the engine to freeze. All of these things can lead to permanent engine failure.
Internal combustion engines use thousands of controlled explosion every minute. This creates the force necessary to move parts of the engine and the vehicle is moving forward. These explosions can cause significant heat build-up. When the oil passes through the engine removes heat from the combustion chamber and ensures its dispersion in the oil pan. This helps to prevent engine overheating.
During operation, the engine having contamination. These can be pieces of metal that are formed as a result of wear and tear of metal parts or carbon accumulation as a by-product of combustion. Engine oil not only carries the contamination as it passes through the system and embeds them in the oil filter, but also contains some additions to prevent it. Typical motor oils contain additives such as corrosion inhibitors, detergents and means of dispersants.
What is synthetic motor oil, and how it produces?
Synthetic oil is a lubricant used as a butter substitute for refined oil. Unlike conventional motor oils are not distilled from crude oil. Instead, it is made from materials such as carbon dioxide, methane, and carbon monoxide in the process chemical process known as Fischer-Tropscha . This ensures a clean oil which has more uniform particles of hydrocarbon. Does not contain any unnecessary ties occurring in oils, oil-based, such as wax, waxed. All this contributes to the fact that synthetic oil is better under extreme temperatures.
There are two types of synthetic oils fully synthetic and semi-synthetic. Fully synthetic oil can come from petroleum or other chemicals. If it is from oil, this is done using the above process, the Fischer-Tropscha instead of the traditional method of distillation. This produces an oil with more uniform properties, which is better suited to mechanical applications for which it was designed.
Semi-synthetic oils are a combination of traditional mineral oils and synthetic oils. This special blend of oils gives the oil, which better protects the engine, what can you expect from a fully synthetic but at a lower cost. The first semi-synthetic motor oil was introduced in 1966 Motul . Also released Century 300V, the first 100% synthetic motor oil for cars.
The advantages of synthetic motor oil
Because synthetic motor oil are generated, instead of alcohols, can be adapted to the requirements of modern automobile engines. Individual molecules of the oil are less than useless dirt, give the best quality grease, which performs its function based on minerals. The ability of synthetic oil to cope with extreme conditions encountered in internal combustion engines manifests itself in different ways. Easier to pump at low temperatures that is extremely important because it means that he can fully cyrkulować the engine faster at startup. The faster the oil circulates in the engine when you start, the less time the internal elements move without lubrication. This means less engine wear and longer engine life.
In addition to increasing performance when the engine first starts, they work better at higher temperatures because they are less volatile. Temperature fluctuation has less impact on the viscosity of synthetic oils, as mineral oils.
Synthetic oils have fewer impurities than standard motor oil, which forms a large amount of mucus during its decomposition. The precipitate that reduces engine performance. Due to less pollution and a consistent molecular structure, synthetic oil can better withstand oxidation and are much less deposits.
If you environmental consumer you will appreciate that synthetic oil is better for the environment. Unlike conventional motor oils, they do not need to be cleaned and disposed of every 3 000 miles. Instead, they are designed to replace anywhere from 7,000 to 15,000 miles, depending on oil. It is better for the environment, and every few months will allow you to avoid running mechanics.